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Vomiting in Kids – Types, Causes & Treatment

Some children, including babies, vomit for unknown reasons. Your child wakes up in the morning and refuses to touch his breakfast.For a child who is generally happy and fun-loving, you should be concerned when you notice frequent vomiting in your child. Sure the stomach is being cleaned the natural way but frequent bouts of vomiting should get you worried.

Your child's healthcare provider will examine your child. The provider will ask when the vomiting started, and when and how often he or she vomits. The provider will also ask if your child has any other symptoms. Tell the provider if your child recently hit his or her head.

Types of Vomiting Your Child Can Experience

Baby can experience the following types of vomiting:

  • Posseting: If you are breastfeeding your child, it is common for the baby to throw up tiny amounts of milk immediately after every feed.
  • Reflux: Young kids generally face this kind of vomiting. This happens when the valve at the top of the baby’s stomach opens up unintentionally. This causes the stomach contents to travel in a reverse manner up the oesophagus/food pipe. Reflux in babies is usually harmless and will stop by the time they begin sitting upright or walking.
  • Projectile Vomiting: When your baby brings the contents of her stomach forcefully out, it is known as projectile vomiting. Although the volume may seem quite large, the vomit generally consists only of the last feed your baby has had. This kind of vomit may happen intermittently but can be a matter of concern if it happens after every feed.

What other signs and symptoms may my child have?

Your baby may have other type of symptoms with vomiting:

  • Fever
  • Abdominal pain
  • Diarrhea
  • Dizziness
  • Severe headaches
  • Nausea
  • Increased heartbeat
  • Pale skin
  • Dehydration
  • Fussiness and sleeping

Causes of Vomiting in Children

The following are some of the common reasons that could cause vomiting in children:

  • Allergy to Certain Foods
  • Gastroenteritis:Children often feel like vomiting when they are affected by this infection. Bacteria, virus and parasites are primary causes of gastroenteritis in children and lead to diarrhoea.
  • Digestive Problems
  • Food Poisoning
  • Stress and Emotional Upheavals
  • Flu and Other Sicknesses
  • Brain Conditions

Diagnosis

Your child's healthcare provider will examine your child. The provider will ask when the vomiting started, and when and how often he or she vomits. The provider will also ask if your child has any other symptoms. Tell the provider if your child recently hit his or her head. Your child may need the following tests:

  • X-ray of the Abdomen:This x-ray is useful in the identification of any blockages or tears that may have occurred in your kid’s digestive system. It proves to be a valuable guide to the doctor in ascertaining the cause of the vomiting.
  • CT of the Abdomen:This test is carried out to check for the presence of a tumour or appendicitis. Clear images of the child’s abdomen are taken using the computer and the x-ray machine.
  • Blood Tests:This is the first test carried out in order to check for infections. Blood tests are also advised to inspect any defects in organs like stomach, liver or the brain.
  • Food Poisoning
  • Stress and Emotional Upheavals
  • Flu and Other Sicknesses
  • Brain Conditions

Treatment

Vomiting may go away on its own without treatment. The cause of your child's vomiting may need to be treated. Older children may be given antinausea medicine to prevent nausea and vomiting. An important goal of treatment is to make sure your child does not become dehydrated. Your child may be admitted to the hospital if he or she develops severe dehydration.

  • Give your child oral rehydration solution (ORS) as directed.:ORS contains water, salts, and sugar that are needed to replace lost body fluids. Ask what kind of ORS to use, how much to give your child, and where to get it.
  • Anti-Nausea Medicines:It is necessary to calm your child’s stomach and reduce the vomiting sensation. The medicines for nausea do exactly the same jobs and are helpful in managing the vomiting bouts your child has.
  • Antibiotics:Doctors will certainly prescribe a dose of antibiotics so that your child will be able to ward off flu or bacterial attacks. However, you will have to ensure that your child completes the entire course suggested by the doctor. Not doing so may not give the expected results.

Home Remedies for Vomiting in Children

If your child is plagued by frequent vomiting, try out the below-mentioned home remedies. These simple and easy to use remedies will provide relief the natural way:

  • Salt and Sugar Mix:This age-old remedy is quick to make and can be made from these everyday ingredients. Continuous vomiting can aggravate the stomach lining, lead to severe dehydration and expel essential nutrients from the child’s body. This simple mix can replenish the fluids and rehydrate the body.
  • Onion Juice:Mix one teaspoon of onion juice with a similar quantity of ginger juice and feed it to your child. It is an extremely useful home remedy to stop vomiting and nausea since it contains natural antibiotic properties. If ginger isn’t readily available, take one and a half cup of onion juice and add two spoons of organic honey to it. Feed your child half a teaspoon at a time till the vomiting stops.
  • Papaya:This commonly available fruit is packed with antibacterial compounds which help digestion and reduces acids in the body. Papaya contains all the necessary natural enzymes that facilitate the smooth and quick digestion of food. Papaya is also helpful in removing harmful germs that cause stomach upsets.
  • Mint:If you are looking to give quick relief from vomiting and nausea, mint is a wonderful antidote that works wonders. To make this remedy, boil water and add one tablespoon of dried mint leaves (organic). Keep the mint leaves in the water for 10 minutes and then strain it. Give this solution thrice a day to get relief from vomiting. Chewing on fresh mint leaves is also a proven method of reducing the feeling of nausea. A mix of lemon juice, mint juice and honey (one teaspoon each) can be equally effective in vomiting cases.
  • Ginger:n order to stop vomiting in children, ginger is a proven remedy since it contains natural antiemetic properties. It works effectively to soothe your child’s digestive system and works on the nauseous feeling too. Squeeze one teaspoon fresh ginger juice in a bowl and add approximately one teaspoon of lemon juice to it. Mix it well and feed it to your child every two hours. It will help him to overcome the vomiting bout and nausea. Kids love fresh ginger tea with honey so you can try that as well.

When Should You Call the Doctor?

It is important to seek medical advice immediately by calling your doctor when you notice the following symptoms in your child:

  • Your baby has projectile (forceful, shooting) vomiting after a feeding.
  • Your child cannot keep any fluids down.
  • Your child's abdomen is hard and bloated.
  • Blood in stool
  • Lethargy or slow to respond